Stress management

Stress

Evangelina Smith

Course Number

Course Name

Folkman, S. & Moskowwitz, T.J. (2008, Aug 4th). Current Directions in psychological science :Stress, positive Emotions, and Coping. California: Sage publications Inc.. Vol. 9 (4).

This article discusses stress and how one can cope with stress through positive emotions. According to this article, there is a growing interest in a positive aspect of the stress process; rather than viewing stress as a threat, people are now viewing stress as a challenge and coping with it positively. According to this article, positive emotions usually in coping with stress occur through problem-focused coping, positive reappraisal, and creation of positive events (Folkman & Moskowwitz, 2000). This source is useful since it helps individuals to cope with stress positively rather than coping with it negatively. Therefore, it provides information that can help individuals and the society at large in living positively although stress exists. The chief goal of this article is advising individuals on how they can deal with stress through positive emotions. The information in this article is reliable since most of the studies that the article uses have been conducted by the Center for AIDS and Prevention Studies, which is a qualified academic center. Besides, the information is reliable emanating from the qualifications of the authors.

Turner, J.R., Lloyd, A.D. & Wheaton, B. (2010, Feb.). The Epidemiology of Social Stress. American Sociological Review. Vol. 60 (1).

This article focuses on showing that differences in exposure to stress are of significance in understanding mental stress. According to this article, differences in exposure to stress account significantly to variability in depressive symptoms and major depressive disorder. The distributions of stress across sex, occupational status, marital status and age correspond to the distributions of major depressive disorder and depressive symptoms (Turner et al, 1995). The goal of this source is examining the social distribution of exposure to stress so as to show that differences in exposure is exceedingly significant in understanding the variations in mental health. This article is useful to learners since it can be used to understand the occurrence of variations in mental health. Besides, the article is useful in understanding the significance of differences in exposure to stress. The information from this article is reliable because it has been presented by qualified authors; all the three authors are from the university of Toronto. Besides, the information presented is reliable because it has been researched by qualified entities.

MacDonald, J. N. (2010). The Relationship Between Levels and Stress and Physical Fitness. New York: ProQuest.

This book examines the role that overall fitness plays in stress response in a highly stressful profession. The book examines the association of five physical fitness components to perceived stress of individuals. The components include; muscular strength, cardiorespiratory fitness, body composition, flexibility and muscular endurance. According to this source, exercise has an impact of stimulating the sympathetic nervous system, which decreases depression and stress. This book also highlights the different types of stress that individuals experience; these include acute stress, chronic stress and episodic acute stress. Acute stress is experienced for a short term and does not cause extensive damage to the body. Episodic acute stress is usually experienced by individuals that experience acute stress frequently (MacDonald, 2007). On the other hand, chronic stress is stress that lasts for a long time and wears down an individual. The information provided in this book is useful since it can help learners understand the relationship between stress levels and physical fitness. Besides, it gives an understanding of the types of stress. The information provided in the book is reliable because it has been researched by a qualified academician.

Seaward, B. L. (2014). Essentials of managing stress. Burlington, MA: Jones & Bartlett Learning.

This book focuses on the management of stress. The book provides three categories of stress, which are eustress, distress and neustress. Eustress is good stress and arises in situations that an individual finds inspiring or motivating; for example, meeting a movie star. Neustress refers to sensory stimuli that have no consequential effect; that is, it is neither bad nor good. On the other hand, distress is a bad stress and includes acute and chronic stress (Seaward, 2004). The book also describes the different ways that women and men use in dealing with stress; the responses entail fight-or flight response and tend and befriend response. The information in this book is useful to learners as it helps in the understanding of the types of stress and the responses used in coping with stress. The information provided in this book is reliable as it has been researched by a qualified author.

Motowidlo, J.S., Manning, R.M. & Packard, S.J. (2009). Occupational Stress: Its Causes and Consequences for Job Performance. American Psychological Association, Inc. Vol. 71 (4).

This article presents information regarding occupational stress; what causes the stress and its effects. According to this article, ambiguity, role conflict and overload usually constitute antecedents of occupational stress (Motowidlo et al, 1986). However, other causes have also been identified. The article further indicates that there is a relationship between causes of causes of stress and job performance. The information provided in this article is useful to learners because it helps learners in identifying the causes of occupational stress, and the relationship between occupational stress and job performance. Besides, the information in the article is useful to organizations since it can help them in identifying factors that contribute to occupational stress. This will aid organization in eliminating such causes. In addition, the information is also useful to researchers conducting research on occupational stress. The information provided in this article is reliable because all the three authors have qualified from different universities, which implies that they are knowledgeable regarding the issue of stress. Furthermore, the information has been researched through different studies.

Leka, S., Griffiths, A. & Cox, T. (2008). Protecting Workers’ Health. London: World Health Organization.

This article provides information regarding work stress and the health of workers. According to this article, work stress has an effect on an individual’s physical and psychological health; stress affects the health of individuals negatively (Leka et al, 2003). The article also discusses the nature of stress at work, causes and effects of stress, and prevention strategies. The goal of this article is providing advice regarding how to deal with work stress. The information provided in the article is useful to managers, trade union representatives and employers in managing work stress. The information provided in the article is reliable as it involves a qualified body, the World Health Organization.

Australian Psychological Society (2012). Understanding and Managing Stress.

This article focuses on giving an understanding of what stress is and how it can be managed. According to the article, stress can harm or motivate an individual. When an individual encounters stressful situations, the body responds by activating the nervous system and releasing hormones like adrenaline and cortisol (Australian Psychological Society, 2012). The article identifies types of stress as acute, chronic and episodic acute. Some of the ways of managing stress proposed by the article include practicing relation, spending time with others, eating healthy foods and taking regular exercises. The information provided in this article is useful to learners since it helps them in understanding the issue of stress and how to manage it. It is also useful to individuals that have stress since the information can help a stressed up person in managing stress. The information provided in the article is reliable because it has been prepared by an academic body that is well knowledgeable in the field of stress.

Clear, L.R. & Blumenthal, A.J. (2008, Aug.). Current Directions in Psychological Science: the value of stress-management interventions in life-threatening medical conditions. New York: Sage Publications, Inc. vol. 12 (4).

This article focuses on the value of stress management involvements in life-threatening medical situations. According to the article, emotional stress has been linked with the development and progress of different chronic medical conditions. The article proposes that psychological intervention can enhance a patient’s psychological fountain and life quality (Clear & Blumenthal, 2003). However, there is scarce evidence to conclude that the interventions reduce mortality and morbidity significantly. The article further indicates that higher levels of emotional stress are linked to poor health outcomes in different medical situations such as cancer, coronary heart disease and chronic pain. Stress management enhances the quality of life since it can help in treating health conditions such as cancer and coronary heart disease. This resource is useful to individuals that have chronic medical conditions since they can use the information in enhancing their health condition. It is also useful to researchers conducting research in this field. The information provided by this resource is reliable since it has been compiled by professionals in the field of medical science.

References

MacDonald, J. N. (2010). The Relationship Between Levels and Stress and Physical Fitness. New York: ProQuest.

Seaward, B. L. (2014). Essentials of managing stress. Burlington, MA: Jones & Bartlett Learning.

Motowidlo, J.S., Manning, R.M. & Packard, S.J. (2009). Occupational Stress: Its Causes and Consequences for Job Performance. American Psychological Association, Inc. Vol. 71 (4).

Leka, S., Griffiths, A. & Cox, T. (2008). Protecting Workers’ Health. London: World Health Organization.

Australian Psychological Society (2012). Understanding and Managing Stress.

Turner, J.R., Lloyd, A.D. & Wheaton, B. (2010, Feb.). The Epidemiology of Social Stress: the value of stress-management interventions in life-threatening medical conditions. American Sociological Review. Vol. 60 (1).

Folkman, S. & Moskowwitz, T.J. (2008, Aug 4th). Current Directions in psychological science: Stress, positive Emotions, and Coping. California: Sage publications Inc.. Vol. 9 (4).

Clear, L.R. & Blumenthal, A.J. (2008, Aug.). Current Directions in Psychological Science. New York: Sage Publications, Inc. vol. 12 (4).

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