The Analysis and Interpretation of Qualitative Data

Title of Assignment – The Analysis and Interpretation of Qualitative Data

The Research Questions – Through what mechanisms, does disability discrimination operate in large, bureaucratic organizations? Also, why are there experiences of Ascriptive inequalities in the workplace?

NOTE:

This entire paper needs to be done APA style

Please label all sections appropriately,

Please put APA style citations in all paragraphs

Please do references APA

This Major Assignment 2 is composed of four parts, each of which will be completed over four weeks. These parts include: (1) Introduction, (2) Role of the Researcher, (3) Results, (4) Trustworthiness and Summary

Overview of this Assignment

The purpose of the Major Assignment is to immerse you in the qualitative research process. The process includes hands-on opportunities for you to collect, organize, analyze, and interpret qualitative data. This qualitative research process begins with some items that have already been identified for you: The research topic for this effort is the meaning of social change for Walden graduate students. You have been examining videos and reading about social change as part of the course study. The knowledge you have gained plus your reflections on the meaning of social change will form the beginning of the inquiry. That is, the research question you will explore is “What is the meaning of social change for Walden graduate students?” The description of your efforts of gathering, organizing, and analyzing data will form the basis of your methods section. And, the results of those efforts—the analysis and interpretation of those data—will be summarized.

For this Major Assignment 2: Review the “What Kind of Social Change Agent Are You?” webpage and take the social change quiz. Consider how this quiz will inform your Assignment. Review the expectations of The Analysis and Interpretation of Qualitative Data Overview and Guidelines for this Major Assignment 2. Review the Yob and Brewer (2015) article related to social change found in this week’s Learning Resources and consider how you can prepare yourself for social change through your research. Consider the research topic of the meaning of social change for Walden graduate students as well as the research question for this Major Assignment, “What is the meaning of social change for Walden graduate students?”

Part 1: Introduction – for this area must have 2 pages;

You will begin to examine social change from a Walden graduate student perspective, explore positive social change as a research problem, and explore the gap in research.

Part 1: Introduction (must have) Write a background statement of approximately 1–2 pages that includes: What you have learned about social change as a social issue. What you have learned about social change as a research problem. Support your insights with academic citations from the Learning Resources. Describe the gap that your study will address. From the gap, create a brief purpose statement that is aligned with the following research question:

Part 2: Role of the Researcher – Overview

What is the meaning of social change for Walden graduate students?

To prepare for this Assignment: Complete the coding for your first Scholars of Change video. You began coding this video in previous discussions. Be sure to incorporate feedback and ideas from the Discussion 1. Complete the coding for your second Scholars of Change video. You will use the same process as the first Scholars of Change video you coded. Be sure to incorporate feedback and ideas from this week’s Discussion 2. Consider your role as a qualitative researcher and begin writing Part 2 of this Major Assignment.

This part of the Assignment Requirements Review your analytic memos, field notes, etc., written during each aspect of the data collection process, and examine your role and experience and how that is shaping your experience (reflexivity). Describe the roles you are portraying in this research effort (i.e., a graduate student, classmate, interviewer, etc.). Identify any ethical issues that could or did arise during the data collection processes (i.e., these could include doing a study within one’s own work environment, conflict of interest, or power differentials).

Role of the Researcher Instructions – (must have)

To prepare for this Assignment: Complete the coding for your first Scholars of Change video. You began coding this video in Week 5. Be sure to incorporate feedback and ideas from the Discussion 1. Complete the coding for your second Scholars of Change video. You will use the same process as the first Scholars of Change video you coded. Be sure to incorporate feedback and ideas from this week’s Discussion 2. Consider your role as a qualitative researcher and begin writing Part 2 of this Major Assignment. Review your analytic memos, field notes, etc., written during each aspect of the data collection process, and examine your role and experience and how that is shaping your experience (reflexivity). Describe the roles you are portraying in this research effort (i.e., a graduate student, classmate, interviewer, etc.). Identify any ethical issues that could or did arise during the data collection processes (i.e., these could include doing a study within one’s own work environment, conflict of interest, or power differentials).

Part 3: Results – Overview

During this course, you have coded your two Scholars of Change videos, you have conducted and coded your phone interview, and you have gathered data from the Walden social change website and any other documents or websites you might have included.

Part 3 Instructions: Results – (must have)

You will write up the results of your findings. You will include the following in your write-up: Data Sources—briefly describe each data source including location, duration of data collection, how data were recorded, and unusual circumstances. Two Scholars of Change videos One phone interview Resources from the Walden social change website Instrumentation—briefly describe the type of instrumentation you used for your data collection. Data Analysis—based on the data sources in “A.”, provide a detailed analysis to include the following: Report the process used to move inductively from coded units to larger representations including categories and themes. Describe the specific codes, categories, and themes that emerged from the data using quotations as needed to emphasize their importance. 1st cycle—describe, give examples. 2nd cycle—describe, give examples/moving from codes to categories. Identify themes—provide examples and illustrate your results with a figure or a chart.

Part 4: Trustworthiness and Summary – Overview

The Analysis and Interpretation of Qualitative Data

For this Part finalize your analysis in your Part 3, Results section, and finalize your presentation of results from the different data sources. Trustworthiness and Summary section will finalize the last part of this Assignment 2.

To prepare for this Assignment: Review the social change articles found in this week’s Learning Resources.

Part 4 Instructions: Trustworthiness – (must have) Trustworthiness—summarize across the different data sources and respond to the following: What themes are in common? What sources have different themes? Explain the trustworthiness of your findings, in terms of: Credibility Transferability Dependability strategies Confirmability

Part 4 Instructions for Summary – (must have) Based on the results of your analyses, how would you answer the question: “What is the meaning of social change for Walden graduate students?” Self-Reflection—Has your own understanding of you as a positive social change agent changed? Explain your reasoning. Based on your review of the three articles on social change, which one is aligned with your interests regarding social change and why?

Required Media Laureate Education (Producer). (2016). Introduction to coding [Video file]. Baltimore, MD: Author. https://cdnfiles.laureate.net/2dett4d/managed/WAL/…

Note: The approximate length of this media piece is 10 minutes.

In this media program, Dr. Susan Marcus, Core Research Faculty with the School of Psychology at Walden University, introduces you to the world of coding using Word or Excel documents. In this first video, you will learn how to organize your data. Laureate Education (Producer). (2016). From content to coding [Video file]. Baltimore, MD: Author. https://cdnfiles.laureate.net/2dett4d/managed/WAL/…

Note: The approximate length of this media piece is 12 minutes.

In this media program, Dr. Susan Marcus, Core Research Faculty with the School of Psychology at Walden University, introduces coding and how to move from content to codes. This video focuses on what Saldaña (2016) calls “first cycle” coding. Three different approaches are presented. Analytic memos will also be discussed. Laureate Education (Producer). (2016). How to plan and conduct a focus group [Video file]. Baltimore, MD: Author. https://cdnfiles.laureate.net/2dett4d/managed/WAL/…

Note: The approximate length of this media piece is 15 minutes. In this media program, observe the focus group taking place. Think about how you might plan and conduct a focus group for your research topic. Laureate Education (Producer). (2016). Doctoral research: Interviewing techniques, part one [Video file]. Baltimore, MD: Author. https://cdnfiles.laureate.net/2dett4d/managed/WAL/…

Note: The approximate length of this media piece is 9 minutes. Laureate Education (Producer). (2016). Doctoral research: Interviewing techniques, part two [Video file]. Baltimore, MD: Author. https://cdnfiles.laureate.net/2dett4d/managed/WAL/…

Note: The approximate length of this media piece is 14 minutes. Laureate Education (Producer). (2016). First cycle coding: Structural coding [Video file]. Baltimore, MD: Author. https://cdnfiles.laureate.net/2dett4d/managed/WAL/…

Note: The approximate length of this media piece is 8 minutes.

References

Yob, I., & Brewer, P. (n.d.). Working toward the common good: An online university’s perspectives on social change, 1-25.

Ravitch, S. M., & Carl, N. M. (2016). Qualitative research: Bridging the conceptual, theoretical, and methodological. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications. https://doc-04-2g-apps-viewer.googleusercontent.co…

Chapter 5, “Methods of Data Collection” (pp. 145–183)

Saldaña, J. (2016). The coding manual for qualitative researchers (3rd ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications. http://stevescollection.weebly.com/uploads/1/3/8/6… Chapter 1, “An Introduction to Codes and Coding” (pp. 1–42) Chapter 2, “Writing Analytic Memos About Narrative and Visual Data” (pp. 43–65)

Ravitch, S. M., & Carl, N. M. (2016). Qualitative research: Bridging the conceptual, theoretical, and methodological. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications. https://doc-08-2g-apps-viewer.googleusercontent.co… Chapter 7, “An Integrative Approach to Data Analysis” (pp. 215–236) Chapter 8, “Methods and Processes of Data Analysis” (pp. 237–270)

Rubin, H. J., & Rubin, I. S. (2012). Qualitative interviewing: The art of hearing data (3rd ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications. https://doc-00-2g-apps-viewer.googleusercontent.co… Chapter 12, “Data Analysis in the Responsive Interviewing Model” (pp. 189–211)

The following articles are examples of literature reviews on the aspects of social change. Choose one of the articles for this week’s Discussion 2.

Thomas, E. F., McGarty, C., & Mavor, K. I. (2009). Transforming “apathy into movement”: The role of prosocial emotions in motivation action for social change. Personality & Social Psychology Review, 13(4), 310–333.
Retrieved from the Walden Library databases.

Kezar, A. (2014). Higher education change and social networks: A review of the research. Journal of Higher Education, 85(1), 91–125.
http://content.ebscohost.com/ContentServer.asp?T=P…

Aguinis, H., & Glavas, A. (2012). What we know and don’t know about corporate social responsibility: A review and research agenda. Journal of Management, 38(4), 932–968.
Onwuegbuzie, A. J., Dickinson, W. B., Leech, N. L., & Zoran, A. G. (2009). A qualitative framework for collecting and analyzing data in focus group research. International Journal of Qualitative Methods, 8(3), 1–21.

Walden University. (2015). Social change. Retrieved from https://www.waldenu.edu/about/social-change

As you review this website, think about Walden’s meaning of social change and how this website will guide you as you consider positive social change for your Major Assignment 2.

Document: Excel Video Coding Document Template (Excel spreadsheet)
Review this Excel template as you view this week’s media programs. Also, you will use this template for organizing your transcripts and preparing them for coding.

 
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