NR 282 ROK for Module 2 DM ANSWERS

NR 282 Review of Knowledge Module 21.Diabetes mellitus (DM) is caused by a lack of insulin production by the beta cells of the pancreas.2.Diabetes mellitus is usually described as being three types: Type 1 Diabetes or insulin dependent, type 2 diabetes or non-insulin dependent and also gestational diabetes.3.Type 1 DM develops when the beta cells of the pancreas ceases to produce insulin. This can be caused by pancreatic disease, infections in the pancreas and also genetics. There isalso some thought that DM has a component of autoimmune to it. The most common symptoms see in type I are polyphagia (increased appetite), polydipsia (increased thirst) and polyuria (increased urine) with subsequent weight loss. The reasons for these symptoms are because although the person is eating, the glucose is not getting into the cell. Insulin is required to transport the glucose into the cell. When there is an absence ofinsulin, glucose stays in the blood stream. This causes a change in the osmotic pressure, causing thirst. The somatic cells are not receiving glucose; therefore, they notify the brainto stimulate eating. This type of DM has to be treated with exogenous insulin. 4.Type II DM is caused by a decrease in insulin production or a resistance of the insulin receptors on the cell. This DM can be treated with oral medications. 5.Gestational diabetes is a “temporary” type of diabetes that occurs during pregnancy. Having this condition increases the risk of acquiring diabetes later in life. Treatment of gestational diabetes is done with insulin. 6.A normal serum glucose level is 70 to 100 mg/dL. This level often varies by source and facility. A fasting serum glucose level of > 120 mg/dL is indicative of diabetes.7.However, currently a blood test that is a better measure of serum glucose is used to determine diabetes. This test is known as a glycosylated hemoglobinor HbA1c. HbA1c refers to the permanent attachment of glucose to hemoglobin molecules. Whatever the glucose level is at the time of the “birth” of the red blood cell stays the same for the life of the blood cells. Thus, this blood test indicates the person’s average serum glucose over the entire life of a red blood cell (approximately 120 days). A diagnosis of diabetic HbA1c is considered > 7%. However, once diagnosis of diabetes is made, health care providers prefer to have the HbA1c below 6%. 8.Diabetes can be caused by decreased or no insulin production or insulin resistance. Insulin resistance is the action of the cells not being able to utilize the glucose that is circulating in the blood. It can be due to the cell receptor not working or the cell receptornot accepting the insulin molecule. 9.Diabetes is usually concomitant with 2 other conditions. These are hypertension and hyperlipidemia (elevated lipids in the blood stream). Remember, the increased lipids in the blood allows for increased in atherosclerosis. The incidence of atherosclerosis leads to increased risk of thrombus which can lead to coronary artery disease, peripheral art

NR 282 ROK for Module 2 DM ANSWERS

BEST-ESSAY-WRITERS-ONLINE

ORDER A SIMILAR ESSAY WRITTEN FROM SCRATCH at : https://www.thenursinggeeks.com/

PLACE YOUR ORDER

 

NR 282 ROK for Module 2 DM ANSWERS

NR 282 Review of Knowledge Module 21.Diabetes mellitus (DM) is caused by a lack of insulin production by the beta cells of the pancreas.2.Diabetes mellitus is usually described as being three types: Type 1 Diabetes or insulin dependent, type 2 diabetes or non-insulin dependent and also gestational diabetes.3.Type 1 DM develops when the beta cells of the pancreas ceases to produce insulin. This can be caused by pancreatic disease, infections in the pancreas and also genetics. There isalso some thought that DM has a component of autoimmune to it. The most common symptoms see in type I are polyphagia (increased appetite), polydipsia (increased thirst) and polyuria (increased urine) with subsequent weight loss. The reasons for these symptoms are because although the person is eating, the glucose is not getting into the cell. Insulin is required to transport the glucose into the cell. When there is an absence ofinsulin, glucose stays in the blood stream. This causes a change in the osmotic pressure, causing thirst. The somatic cells are not receiving glucose; therefore, they notify the brainto stimulate eating. This type of DM has to be treated with exogenous insulin. 4.Type II DM is caused by a decrease in insulin production or a resistance of the insulin receptors on the cell. This DM can be treated with oral medications. 5.Gestational diabetes is a “temporary” type of diabetes that occurs during pregnancy. Having this condition increases the risk of acquiring diabetes later in life. Treatment of gestational diabetes is done with insulin. 6.A normal serum glucose level is 70 to 100 mg/dL. This level often varies by source and facility. A fasting serum glucose level of > 120 mg/dL is indicative of diabetes.7.However, currently a blood test that is a better measure of serum glucose is used to determine diabetes. This test is known as a glycosylated hemoglobinor HbA1c. HbA1c refers to the permanent attachment of glucose to hemoglobin molecules. Whatever the glucose level is at the time of the “birth” of the red blood cell stays the same for the life of the blood cells. Thus, this blood test indicates the person’s average serum glucose over the entire life of a red blood cell (approximately 120 days). A diagnosis of diabetic HbA1c is considered > 7%. However, once diagnosis of diabetes is made, health care providers prefer to have the HbA1c below 6%. 8.Diabetes can be caused by decreased or no insulin production or insulin resistance. Insulin resistance is the action of the cells not being able to utilize the glucose that is circulating in the blood. It can be due to the cell receptor not working or the cell receptornot accepting the insulin molecule. 9.Diabetes is usually concomitant with 2 other conditions. These are hypertension and hyperlipidemia (elevated lipids in the blood stream). Remember, the increased lipids in the blood allows for increased in atherosclerosis. The incidence of atherosclerosis leads to increased risk of thrombus which can lead to coronary artery disease, peripheral art

NR 282 ROK for Module 2 DM ANSWERS
 

NR 282 ROK for Module 2 DM ANSWERS

 
Looking for a similar assignment? Get help from our qualified nursing experts!