- Explain what is in a buffer. Discuss the function of a buffer. How will pH change when small amounts of acids or bases are added to the buffer solution?
- Cooks use baking soda to make cakes light and fluffy. You might have used baking soda yourself. Baking soda is NaHCO3. A 0.1 M solution of baking soda in water has a [H+] of about 4.0 × 10–9. (You may prefer to think of the hydronium ion concentration, [H3O+], as 4.0 × 10–9.) Write the formula for the calculation of pH, and then show each step as you calculate the pH of a 0.1 M solution of baking soda.
- Before tackling this problem, be sure you know how to find the antilog of a number using a scientific calculator.
A solution has a pH of 5.4. Write the formula you will use to calculate the [H+] and then show all your work leading to the determination of [H+].