Chapter 27 Basics of Mixed Methods Research

Chapter 27 Basics of Mixed Methods Research

Chapter 27 Basics of Mixed Methods Research

 

Copyright © 2017 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins

 

 

Copyright © 2021 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins

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Question #1

Tell whether the following statement is true or false:

Mixed methods research is a research involving the collection, analysis, and integration of both qualitative and quantitative data within a study or series of studies.

 

 

Copyright © 2021 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins

Answer to Question #1

True

Mixed methods research is a research involving the collection, analysis, and integration of both qualitative and quantitative data within a study or series of studies, often with an overarching goal of achieving both discovery and verification.

 

 

 

Copyright © 2021 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins

Overview of Mixed Methods Research #1

Rationale for mixed methods studies

Complementarity of qualitative and quantitative data

Practicality

Enhanced validity

Paradigm issues and mixed method studies

Research question

Creswell and Plano Clark

Seven types

 

 

 

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Overview of Mixed Methods Research #2

Confirmation and explication

Instrumentation

Intervention development

Program evaluation

Realist evaluations

 

 

 

 

 

Copyright © 2021 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins

Question #2

Tell whether the following statement is true or false:

The paradigm most often associated with MM research is pragmatism.

 

 

Copyright © 2021 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins

Answer to Question #2

True

The paradigm most often associated with MM research is pragmatism, which has as a major tenet “the dictatorship of the research question.”

 

 

 

Copyright © 2021 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins

Getting Started on a Mixed Methods Study

Purpose and intent

Research questions

Different types of data

Integrative

Focus on linking two strands

 

 

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8

Mixed Methods Designs #1

Key decisions

Fixed versus emergent designs

Sequencing

Sequential/current

Prioritization

Equal versus dominant status

 

 

Copyright © 2021 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins

Question #3

Tell whether the statement is true or false:

Sequential designs involve both strands occurring in one simultaneous phase.

 

 

Copyright © 2021 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins

Answer to Question #3

False

Concurrent designs (both strands occurring in one simultaneous phase); sequential designs (one strand occurring prior to and informing the second strand).

 

 

 

Copyright © 2021 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins

Mixed Methods Designs #2

Notation and diagramming in mixed methods designs

All capital letters for the dominant strand

All lowercase letters for the nondominant strand and sequence

An arrow is used for sequential designs

A “+” is used for concurrent designs

Parentheses can be used to show an embedded structure

 

 

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Mixed Methods Designs #3

Core mixed methods designs

Convergent

QUAN + QUAL → Results merged → Interpretation

Explanatory sequential

QUAN → qual (QUAN results explained by qual) → Interpretation OR quan → QUAL (quan results explained by QUAL) → Interpretation

Exploratory

QUAL → Development (e.g., qual + quan) → QUAN (Testing) → Interpretation

 

 

Copyright © 2021 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins

Sampling and Data Collection in a Mixed Methods Studies

Identical: same participants are in both strands.

Nested: some of the participants from one strand are in the other strand.

Parallel: participants are either in one strand or the other but drawn from a similar population.

Multilevel: participants are not the same and are drawn from different populations at different levels in a hierarchy.

 

 

Copyright © 2021 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins

Question #4

Tell whether the following statement is true or false:

Data collection in MM research can involve all methods of structured data only.

 

 

Copyright © 2021 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins

Answer to Question #4

False

Data collection in MM research can involve all methods of structured and unstructured data.

 

 

Copyright © 2021 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins

Analysis of Mixed Methods Data #1

Decisions

Integration intent

Procedures

Iterative analysis

Meta-matrices

Transforming quantitative and qualitative data

Qualitizing

Quantitizing

 

 

 

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Analysis of Mixed Methods Data #2

Joint displays

Statistics-by-theme

Side-by-side joint display

Meta-inferences

Six ways of exploring discrepancy

 

 

 

 

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